Nonspecific urethritis in men is an inflammatory disease that affects the urethra. The main difference of non-specific urethritis specific is that it provoke opportunistic pathogens, e.g. E. coli, Staphylococcus, Streptococcus, Klebsiella, etc.
Specific urethritis in men and women occurs as a result of defeat of the urinary system fungi Candida, chlamydia, gonorrhea, genital herpes and other infections that are sexually transmitted.
Nonspecific urethritis can also be called non-gonococcal urethritis. This terminology is used when urethritis has no connection with gonorrhea.
Pathogens that provoke non-specific urethritis in men, get into the urethra several ways.
Therefore, it is necessary to allocate the following reasons of the disease:
- unprotected sexual act in this case is an infected partner;
- injuries of the genitourinary system;
- active sex life – in which venous blood stagnates in the submucosa of the urethra;
- the absence or lack of motor activity;
- weak immune system – then the body loses the strength to fight the fungus;
- allergic reactions;
- the presence of diabetes;
- disorders of metabolism;
- non-compliance with the principles of good nutrition;
- prolonged stress;
- drinking alcohol in large quantities.
Chronic diseases that are inflammatory in nature, also affect the manifestations of urethritis.
The symptoms of urethritis
Symptoms that indicate the presence of nonspecific urethritis in men and women who have a different manifestation. There are times when the pathology is asymptomatic.
It is possible to allocate the following manifestations of the disease:
- pain and burning when emptying the bladder;
- frequent urge to the toilet;
- discharge from the urethra of a white, murky color;
- the feeling of inflammation and irritation on the tip of the penis;
- violation of the process of emptying the bladder.
For women is characterized by such symptoms:
- discharge from the genital organs of green or white shade;
- painful periods;
- pain when emptying the bladder;
- pain in the uterus or pelvis;
- unpleasant sensations in the moment of sexual intercourse inside the pelvis.
- the increase in body temperature above 38 degrees Celsius;
- vomiting and nausea.
The period of manifestation of symptoms depends on the source of urethritis and may begin after a couple of weeks or months after infection. The discomfort and inflammation of the urethral canal can occur after a few days, when non-specific urethritis is non-infectious in nature.
With the disappearance of symptoms of nonspecific urethritis without any assistance are advised to contact the medical facility for tests and avoid infecting your partner.
Non-specific urethritis in men can manifest itself in two forms: acute and chronic. The acute form of urethritis is characterized by the following:
- itching and a burning sensation in the urethra;
- swelling of the head;
- painful sensations in the penis; increased urination, at the end of which there is a cutting pain;
- manifestations of pulling pain in the perineal region and lower abdomen;
- the presence of precipitates, which are when dry yellow.
If an acute form of cancer was not cured until the end, the disease becomes chronic. This results in the following:
- a narrowing of the urethra;
- violation of erection and ejaculation;
- the occurrence of cystitis, prostatitis and orchitis;
- ultimately infertility.
To self-medicate is not. Both forms of urethritis, you need to contact an experienced.
The most common means of diagnosis of the disease are: a swab from the urethra and urine analysis.
The first method involves taking a sample of discharge from the urethra. Which is examined under a microscope for signs of inflammation or bacteria. Pain this procedure is minimal.
Using the second method to determine the presence of bacteria, which cause non-specific urethritis. For a more accurate result it is necessary to go to the toilet for two hours before testing.
At its discretion, a physician may designate an additional series of tests:
- bacteriological analysis;
- laboratory studies, which aim at the identification of gonococci, Trichomonas, Ureaplasma, and other pathogens;
- cultures of the urethra;
- to exclude inflammation of the prostate prostate ultrasound is appointed;
- blood test;
- immunological test;
- information about sexual acts unprotected in nature.
In most clinics there are microscopes that can give results on the day of testing. In other cases, the results are sent to the laboratory. The conclusion of the tests come in a week or two.
Non-specific urethritis should be treated. The disease itself does not pass. In the result of self-medication to completely suppress the microorganism will not work. Because the bacteria quickly become accustomed to antibiotics. And treatment of urethritis much more complicated. Therefore, medical help is needed.
Physicians in his practice used the medication. Which includes:
- Antibiotics. special attention is paid to the macrolides, sulfonamides, cephalosporins.
- Antimicrobial drugs with local action – preparations containing chamomile, potassium permanganate.
- Compositions for washing the urethra, containing dioxidine, collargol and silver.
- The antifungal drugs.
- Vitamins to strengthen the immune system.
You must keep in mind that antibiotics can cause side effects: vomiting, loss of wellbeing and diarrhea.
Nonspecific urethritis is also treated with alternative medicine. The benefits are the following compounds:
- parsley with milk;
- a decoction of lime flowers;
- tincture of couch grass;
- fresh juice from cranberries;
- decoction of flowers of cornflower.
NGU can be cured with folk remedies, if it is bacterial in nature. Mandatory consultation with your doctor. To achieve a positive effect, treatment of folk remedies need at least a month.
Before all this, the doctor will recommend the following:
- compliance with the principles of proper nutrition;
- reduce spicy, smoked, fatty and salty foods;
- to minimize the consumption of alcoholic beverages;
- to increase the amount of fluids you drink;
- reduce physical activity;
- during treatment to refuse from sexual life.
If you follow these guidelines, the recovery will come much faster.
To prevent non-specific urethritis, you need to follow certain guidelines:
- to adhere to the principles of proper nutrition that will allow you to set the stomach;
- to avoid injury of the organs of the urogenital system;
- to prevent hypothermia;
- only follow protected sexual intercourse;
- to minimize the use of hot spices;
- when the pain is in the area of small pelvis the need for timely treatment;
- observe the rules of personal hygiene;
- systematically undergo examination by a specialist.
Compliance with all the recommendations together will help to avoid such disease as non-specific urethritis.