In modern medicine are often confronted with cases of BPH. Symptoms, treatment, reviews men about various methods of treatment — this is important information, which needs to see a representative of the male sex. After all, the sooner people will pay attention to the symptoms of the disease and to go to the doctor, the higher the probability that they will be able to cope with the disease without serious consequences.
General information about the disease. Statistics
Why develop BPH in men? Symptoms, treatment, reviews, or other therapeutic procedures will be described below. But first you should familiarize yourself with the General information.
The prostate gland is an unpaired organ that is located under the bladder, covering the initial part of the urethra. Sometimes for one reason or another starts unusual cell division of the prostate, which leads to strong and rapid proliferation of the connective tissue, increase in size of the prostate, lesions in tissues of nodules and other seals. In this case, and they say the adenoma (by the way, in medicine to describe a disease often use the term "prostatic hyperplasia").
Hyperplasia is a benign but permanent increase in the size of the prostate overlaps the normal flow of urine from the bladder, which is fraught with dangerous complications. According to statistics, the disease is recorded more often in patients older than 50 years. About 90 % of men over 80 suffer from some form of hyperplasia.
The main reasons for the development of an adenoma
In modern medical practice is extremely often recorded incidence of BPH in men. Symptoms, treatment, reviews, or other methods of treatment — information that is interested in each patient. But first, it's necessary to understand the reasons for the development of pathology.
Unfortunately, the exact mechanisms of disease development are not fully understood. However, risk factors exist and a list should review.
The first thing to remember about the age. As already mentioned, in most cases, the problem faced by men over the age of 50 years. This is attributed to hormonal changes caused by the aging process — the level of testosterone slowly decreases, but the number of female sex hormones partially increases, which may affect prostate tissue. On the other hand, the adenoma cannot be considered a natural part of aging. In addition, the problem faced and young men, however, much rarer.
Potentially dangerous is a sedentary lifestyle and sedentary work, as this leads to stagnation of blood in the pelvic area, resulting in tissues not receiving enough nutrients and oxygen.
There is a relationship between the development of hyperplasia and obesity. That is why doctors recommend to carefully monitor the body mass index.
To the list of risk factors include poor diet, because it affects all organ systems and, again, often leads to obesity.
The connection between the development of hyperplasia and addictions, promiscuous was not found. Nevertheless, statistical studies show that men who lead a healthy and active lifestyle, have this problem much less frequently.
What symptoms accompany the disease?
Unfortunately, the first stage of development of the disease occur without any symptoms. But gradually the violations are, and their severity is becoming more and more intense with increasing adenoma. The disease symptoms are the following:
- urination frequent, including at night;
- urine stream becomes weak, often interrupted;
- bladder the person has to strain the abdominal wall;
- urinary incontinence;
- leakage of urine after emptying bladder;
- pain in the prostate adenoma are also present, especially if the disease is associated with inflammation and other complications;
- urine often becomes cloudy, it is possible to notice blood impurities;
- have problems with erections;
- there is a feeling of incomplete emptying of the bladder.
The first stage of development of the adenoma: the main symptoms
The symptoms and treatment of benign prostatic hyperplasia are closely linked: the more expressed violations disturb the patient, the more radical methods of treatment selected by the doctor. Clearly, the clinical picture depends on the stage of the disease.
As already mentioned, the first stage of hyperplasia often occurs without any symptoms. If any signs appear, patients usually ignore them, attributing to a slight malaise, as evidenced by numerous reviews.
Urine flow becomes sluggish. To be emptied, the man has to strain the abdominal muscles. Patients have noticed that the urge to urinate more frequently, not only in the day time — people are forced several times to get up at night, which of course affects the emotional state of the patient and quality of rest.
Characteristics of the clinical picture in the second stage
The second stage is accompanied by more pronounced symptoms. Emptying of the bladder, according to the patients, it becomes difficult task man has to constantly strain that often leads to the development or worsening of existing hemorrhoids, herniation.
Urine stream becomes weak, often interrupted — completely empty the bladder fails, with the result that the liquid begins to stagnate, which can lead to the development of various inflammatory diseases. Night urination frequent, often patients note that Wake up several dozen times a night.
Incontinence, leakage of urine is another problem faced by men. Of course, this affects the emotional state and social activity of patients. They become more withdrawn, restless, irritable.
The third stage
In the latter stages of the disease is difficult to ignore. The bladder wall are stretched, which can lead to short-term relief (e.g., pain disappears and a constant feeling of incomplete evacuation).
However, the urge to be emptied very often and become mandatory — for reviews, the man can not control or stop the process of urination. Incontinence is often so pronounced that the patient requires the installation of the urine-receiver or use diapers.
It is at this stage often develops kidney stones, various kidney damage (up to renal failure). In addition, are systemic disorders that are associated with disruption of the urinary system. Men often complain of dry mouth, constant weakness, poor appetite, weight loss, constipation. At this stage, patients usually requires resection of the prostate. But even after a properly performed surgery urinary problems, unfortunately, remain.
How dangerous is BPH? The list of possible complications
For months and often years, the disease occurs without any noticeable symptoms. This threat benign prostatic hyperplasia. Complications in the absence of timely treatment can be very dangerous:
- If an enlarged prostate perelavlivaet urinary output channel, then develops acute urinary retention. Usually, this happens when exposed to certain risk factors, which include errors in the diet, nervous stress, hypothermia. Urine accumulates in the bladder, accompanied by pain in the pubic area. The man is not able to urinate. This is a medical emergency that requires immediate medical attention to restore the flow of urine is established a special catheter. If you do not perform the procedure on time, there is probability of damage or even perforation of the bladder wall.
- Stagnation of urine creates ideal conditions for rapid population growth pathogenic and conditionally pathogenic microorganisms. Adenoma is often complicated by various infectious diseases of the bladder and kidneys (e.g., may develop pyelonephritis).
- Stagnant urine is often the cause of formation of solid concretions in the bladder and urolithiasis.
- Fluid accumulates in the cavity of the bladder, which leads to stretching, pathological changes, and sometimes damage to the walls of the body.
- Increased pressure in the bladder affects the kidney condition — there is a widening of the ureters, cups and pelvis. Severe BPH can lead to kidney failure.
That is why in any case should not be ignored such diseases as prostate adenoma. The symptoms and treatment of, diagnosis and peculiarities of surgical intervention is information that should be read.
Noticing myself worrying symptoms, you need to see a specialist. In this case, it is mandatory a complete diagnosis, it is important not only to confirm the presence of hyperplasia, but also to determine the stage of its development, to check on a patient for the presence of certain complications.
First, of course, conducted a General examination, which involves palpation of the prostate during the procedure, the doctor may notice an increase and change the structure of the body.
Laboratory tests at BPH are also necessary. Conducted biochemical analysis of blood, testing for the level of sex hormones. In addition, necessary laboratory examination of urine, which helps to confirm the presence of inflammatory process in other organs of the excretory system.
Is necessarily performed ultrasound of the prostate. During the procedure, the doctor can determine the exact size of the gland, to detect the stones, to measure the amount of residual urine, to check the status of the urinary tract.
More accurate results are obtained by magnetic resonance imaging.
A biopsy of the prostate is appropriate if there is suspicion of the presence of a malignant process.
Features of medical treatment
Drug treatment of BPH (no operation) does not help to get rid of the existing hyperplasia is to be understood. But with the help of properly selected medicine fails to take control of further pathological growth of the prostate tissue to relieve discomfort and soreness and normalize the functioning of the organs of the excretory system.
As a rule, the BPH using alpha-blockers, inhibitors of 5-alpha-reductase, blockers of muscarinic receptors. Additionally, in the scheme of treatment include phosphodiesterase inhibitors fifth type, which help eliminate problems with erections. This is a list of effective tools. Treatment of BPH also includes proper diet and regular exercises, which allows to restore normal blood circulation in the pelvic area.
Folk treatment of BPH
Sometimes drug therapy can be supplemented with herbal teas and other recipes of traditional medicine.
Effective is a decoction of the bark of aspen. In case of BPH, this helps to cope with unpleasant symptoms, in particular pain during bowel movements and incontinence. To prepare the medicine just 100 g of dried bark pour a liter of boiling water, and then keep on low heat for 15-20 minutes. After the broth has cooled, it can drain. Folk doctors recommend to take medication once daily (1 glass).
Patients with adenoma, it is recommended to include in the diet of pumpkin seeds — they need to eat each day.
Medicines can be prepared from chestnut shell. 25 g chopped peel pour a glass of alcohol and insist in a dark place for 10 days. You need to take one drop twice a day. Course of treatment lasts 20 days, after which we have to make ten-day break.
Folk treatment of BPH is only possible with the permission of the doctor. Of course, the above tools can't replace a full medical therapy, they play only a subsidiary role.
By following some simple guidelines you can greatly reduce the likelihood of problems.
It is important to maintain good physical shape, especially if we are talking about a man with sedentary work or a sedentary lifestyle. This will help prevent stagnation of blood in the pelvis and rid the masses of potential problems.
Doctors are advised to carefully monitor body weight, as obesity is one of the risk factors.
The diet is also important for prevention. Need to give up fatty meats, limit the amount of consumed animal fats (e.g., margarine, butter, milk). Harmful are sweets and flour products, and alcohol.
Should give up bad habits — they have a negative impact on health.
At least once a year to undergo routine maintenance inspection. The sooner the disease is diagnosed, the better the chances of quick recovery without complications.
What to do for patients who have already discovered BPH? The symptoms and treatment in this case related to the therapy it is better to start in the early stages of the disease. And to prevent the development of complications (kidney stones, acute urinary retention, etc.), it is necessary to refuse from spicy and spicy foods, alcohol (especially beer). In addition, patients should avoid exposure and the time to empty your bladder. Important is avoiding constipation you need to enter into the diet of fiber, drink plenty of fluids and, if necessary, to take laxatives.
The appearance of any alarming symptoms — a reason to go to the doctor, get tested and pass several examinations. You already know about what symptoms accompanied by BPH — they cannot be ignored in any case.