Prostatitis is an inflammatory disease caused by degenerative changes of the parenchyma of the prostate. Increased tissue growth of the body (hyperplasia) is benign prostatic hyperplasia. Adenoma is a benign tumor and is often diagnosed in men older than 40 years. About 50 % of patients with disorders of the prostate lead a healthy life, have bad habits and eat properly. To nutrition plays a big role in the treatment and prevention of prostatitis and BPH, so the treatment of these diseases is conducted on the background of the compulsory correction of the diet men.
Why you need a diet?
The role of nutrition in the treatment of prostate diseases is huge. It is very important to prevent constipation, as they can cause severe pain, disrupt the blood circulation in the pelvic organs and cause intoxication, which is a result of long delays in the body products of the decay. To improve bowel motility and improve digestive processes, will impute you wish to include more foods rich in fiber and vegetable fibers. These include:
- fresh seasonal berries and fruits;
- greens (preferably from the garden);
- unprocessed grains (unpolished risk, buckwheat);
- bran of rye and wheat;
- juices (natural).
When the prostate blood vessels of the prostate is compressed, impaired cellular nutrition body can occur with acute tissue hypoxia. The blood circulation in the pelvic organs is also impaired, there may be internal swelling, dangerous to the development of hydrocephalus. To organize the work of the circulatory system, it is necessary to provide the body with sufficient amount of fatty acids. They are also needed for the healthy functioning of the reproductive and genital systems, normal synthesis of testosterone and other sex hormones.
Important! When the prostate increases the risk of developing diabetes and atherosclerosis, so the diet in this disease involves limiting foods with high content of harmful cholesterol and sugar.
Diet in all diseases of the prostate should contain a sufficient number of items necessary to maintain male health. It is, first and foremost, zinc and selenium. Consumption rate of data elements for men aged 18 to 45 years is (a day):
- zinc – 25 mg;
- selenium – 5 mcg.
A large amount of zinc and selenium found in seafood: shrimp, Media, oyster. It is beneficial to include in the menu, seaweed, algae (fucus, kelp), marine fish. No less useful for eggs, but it is better to choose the quail eggs because they contain less cholesterol and more minerals compared to chicken eggs.
Products containing large amounts of selenium:
|Product group||What is included?|
|Meat and offal||Beef and pork liver|
|Seafood||Scallops, oysters, lobster, octopus|
|Legumes||Lentils, red beans, peas|
|Cereals||Oats, barley grits, buckwheat (you can take green GK), brown rice, corn grits|
Products containing large amounts of zinc:
|Product group||What is included?|
|Any seafood||Mussels, shrimp, oysters|
|Seeds and nuts||Pumpkin seeds and watermelon (dried), sesame seeds, any types of nuts|
|Meat and offal||Beef, lamb, calves liver|
|Fish||Any varieties of fish (most of the zinc is contained in herring)|
|Cocoa||Natural cocoa (in a strictly limited quantity)|
Important! If you can't achieve the necessary level of consumption of these minerals through diet, you should take mineral supplements or vitamin-mineral complexes. It is better to choose drugs with the addition of antioxidants, as they promote the repair of damaged tissues of the prostate gland at the cellular level and improve the functional status of the cells of the body.
To normalize the synthesis of testosterone and regulate the production of estradiol, it is necessary to include in the diet foods containing vitamin E. It not only cleans the cells from toxins and helps to absorb other useful items, as well as the health of the mucous membranes and soft tissues of the prostate.
The principle of nutrition in diseases of the prostate
You need to eat small meals (200 to 300 g per reception), it should be done on a certain schedule. Eating at the same time improves digestion, and promotes the development of sufficient digestive enzymes, improves the absorption of mineral elements and substances and prevents the formation of constipation.
Diet for prostatitis
Avoid excessive fluid intake in the evening as this can disturb the quality of nighttime sleep and lead to the formation of a swelling of the prostate.
The basis of the diet should be protein foods with vegetables, fruits, grains and vegetable oils of good quality. Carbohydrate intake is recommended to minimize.
Important! If a man is overweight, you should consult a nutritionist on nutrition and diet. This is especially true for patients with body weight more than 90-100 kg. Obesity negatively affects the condition of the prostate and prevents the body, so any treatment under the influence of this factor will be ineffective.
You need to eliminate?
For diseases of the prostate doctors advise to minimize the consumption of salt as it causes fluid retention in the body and contributes to swelling in the tissues of the body. This reinforces the severity of the inflammatory process and pain syndrome, reducing the efficiency of the treatment. Spices, seasonings, pickled vegetables with vinegar, pickles, home-made – all this can also contribute to the accumulation of fluid in the subcutaneous fat, so these foods are excluded from diet.
Forbidden foods for prostatitis
Is strictly prohibited use the following categories of products:
- fish ROE;
- chocolate and products containing cocoa, and confectionery;
- carbonated beverages, lemonade;
- flour products;
- sweet pastries, fresh bread;
- sauces industrial production;
- salty cheese.
Banned the use of products with a huge number of chemical additives: emulsifiers, colorants, stabilizers, preservatives. Yogurt, the shelf life does not exceed 5-7 days, do not bring any benefit to the body, so these foods should not be included in the menu of the patient with prostatitis.
When the prostate is strictly prohibited to consume alcoholic beverages
Important! It is strictly forbidden to consume alcoholic beverages (at any dose). This rule applies to alcoholic products with any, even the most minimal ethanol content. Alcohol negatively affects blood vessels and blood flow in the prostate tissue, causing an acute lack of oxygen and nutrients. It may cause impotence, sterility, growth of malignant cells and inflammatory processes.
After the acute process will go into remission, slight relief. In a limited number you can use:
- cocoa (1 time per week);
- dark chocolate (1-2 slices);
- peas and beans;
- vegetables that contain lots of purines (cabbage, onions);
- liver pork and beef stomachs (1 every 7-10 days).
Foods high in purine
If the patient decides about the use of alcohol, you must follow certain rules:
- alcoholic drinks must be of good quality (purchased in licensed stores);
- can't drink alcohol on an empty stomach;
- snacks should consist of protein products (meat and poultry) and slow carbs (rye bread);
- any discomfort (stomach pain, nausea, dizziness), intake of alcohol should be stopped;
- do not exceed the allowable for patients with prostatitis dosage.
Permissible doses of alcohol case of BPH, prostatitis and (strictly in remission!)
|Dosage||The amount of alcohol|
|Wine (the fortress from 8.5 to 12 %)||200 ml|
Important! Alcohol can be no more than 2 times a month in strictly the recommended dosage.
Nutrition for diseases of the prostate should be varied and of high quality. It is important to monitor the content of protein and carbohydrates to prevent excess fat intake. The following are recommendations for legal product for each group of nutrients.
- vegetable oil (pumpkin seed, almond and olive);
- sour cream;
- the fat (a small piece not more than 2 times per month).
The consumption of animal fats should be limited as they contain a lot of cholesterol, causing blockage of blood vessels and impair blood circulation in the tissues of the prostate. Before cooking meat, remove all fat, skin and films.
If prostatitis and prostate adenoma the consumption of animal fats should be limited.
- poultry meat (Turkey, chicken, quail);
- lean beef, rabbit, lamb;
- egg protein;
- dairy products (cottage cheese, natural yogurt without filler, milk);
- fish of all varieties (allowed consumption of fatty fish).
A lot of quality protein is found in nuts and pumpkin seeds, but you can enable them in the menu only after relief of the acute inflammatory process. Cheese and dairy products should be included in the diet every day.
Foods high in protein
- dried fruits;
- grains and cereals;
- sweet berries and fruits;
- starchy vegetables (potatoes and carrots, beets);
- sweets based on marine algae (candy, jellies, marshmallows).
The consumption of vegetables containing starch, should be strictly dosed. Useful in prostatitis garlic, tomatoes, eggplant, cucumbers, any greenery. They are easily digested, contain all the essential for men's health vitamins and minerals, prevent constipation and digestive disorders and purify the blood vessels from toxins.
Please note! All meals must be prepared by the method of stewing or boiling. Allowed roasting without adding fat. The food needs salt after cooking, using a minimum of salt.
Sample menu for a week
|Day of the week||Breakfast||Brunch||Lunch||Afternoon tea||Dinner||Before going to sleep|
|Monday||Barley porridge with milk (200 g), orange juice (150 ml), carrots with sour cream and apples (100 g)||Puree of pumpkin and peaches (150 g)||Vegetable salad with olive oil (120 g), octopus meat with tomato filling (250 g), mineral water (100 ml)||Cookies, crackers (2 pieces), yogurt (180 ml)||Baked potatoes with boiled cod (220 g), peeled cucumber (50 g), broth hips (180 ml)||Glass of natural yoghurt|
|Tuesday||Rice porridge with fruit water (200 g), boiled quail egg, Apple juice (150 ml)||Banana pudding (120g)||Beetroot on a low-fat broth from beef (220 g), mackerel baked with vegetables (180 g), stewed figs (100 ml)||A piece of marmalade, milk (180 ml)||Salad with squid and vegetables (180 ml), a slice of rye bread with low-fat and unsalted cheese, green tea (150 ml)||Yogurt (100 ml)|
|Environment||Oatmeal pudding with pear and Apple (200 g), broth hips (180 ml)||Banana||Vegetable soup with noodles (200 ml), mashed potatoes and broccoli with chicken (180 g), stewed prunes (150 ml)||Any fruit jelly, 2 cookies "Maria"||Stewed cabbage with beef and sweet peppers (220 g), tea with chamomile (150 ml)||A glass of milk|
|Thursday||Barley porridge with onions and carrots (200 g), tomato and cucumber (50 grams), black tea with sugar (150 ml)||8-10 nuts||Cream soup of mushrooms with croutons of rye bread (220 g), tomato juice (150 ml)||Cottage cheese pancakes with jam (150 g), berry jelly (100 ml)||Vinaigrette (180 g), boiled fish (150 g), juice from the berries (120 ml)||A Cup of yogurt|
|Friday||Porridge made of corn grits (200 g), cheese (20 g), tea (150 ml)||Baked pear (150 g)||Steam cutlets of veal with a side dish of pasta from durum (230 g), compote of dried apricots (150 ml)||Cottage cheese with berries (120 g)||Rabbit with a side dish of braised cabbage and sour cream sauce (200 g), broth hips (120 ml)||Natural yogurt|
|Saturday||Omelet of 2 eggs, tomatoes (50g), banana juice (120 ml)||Dried pumpkin seeds (30 g)||Fish soup from salmon (200 ml), mashed potatoes with goulash lamb and tomato sauce (150 g), stewed fruit (120 ml)||Fruit puree (100 g)||Fish meatballs with boiled buckwheat (180 g), a drink made of lime and chamomile (150 ml)||A glass of milk|
|Sunday||Baked cottage cheese pudding (200 g), boiled egg, tea (150 ml)||Berry souffle (120 g)||Pilaf with chicken (210 g), juice (150 ml)||Cookies, crackers (2 pieces), natural yoghurt||Stewed cabbage with beef and sweet peppers (220 g), tea with chamomile (150 ml)||Vegetable juice (150 ml)|
Observing the curative diet for prostatitis and prostate adenoma, it is possible to accelerate the recovery, prolong the period of remission, to restore the normal functioning of the body and to improve the quality of life. All nutrition recommendations are General: a clear diet plan and individual needs to make a doctor, considering the patient's age and the severity of the underlying disease.