The urethra is the canal where urine getting into the environment during urination. Inflammation of the urethra, which can cause mechanical trauma, hypothermia, various types of bacteria, fungi and viruses is called urethritis. The disease affected the two sexes equally. Infection in most cases is transmitted through sexual contact.
The symptoms of urethritis
The duration of treatment and choice of antibiotic therapy depends on the characteristics of the flow of urethritis and its intensity. In men, the disease is more severe.
Non-infectious urethritis is manifested in the first days. The symptoms of infectious urethritis can occur within 1-3 weeks or several years (tuberculous urethritis) – it all depends on the type of pathogen.
The main symptoms include:
- itching and burning sensation at time of urination;
- sharp pain in the penis;
- specific discharge with an unpleasant odor;
- spotting when urinating;
- swelling of the genitals and a little redness;
- frequent urge for urination.
When the first symptoms should immediately consult a urologist for examination.
Attention! If the disease is not treated on time, it can become chronic and cause complications. This will lead to more serious consequences: inflammation of the testes, cystitis, infertility, etc.
In order to prescribe the right treatment, you should understand what types of urethritis are. They are divided into infectious and noninfectious.
Gonorrheal urethritis. Accompanied by severe pain at the time of urination. The color of urine becomes turbid from the presence of blood. Mucus turns yellow.
Virus. In these cases, symptoms are mild. May cause conjunctivitis and inflammation of the joints.
Bacterial. Symptoms can occur after several months of being infected. Pus have a foul smell and green color.
Trichomonas. There are constant urge to urinate accompanied with pain and itching and burning in the upper part of the penis. Selection become gray.
Chlamydia. In most cases, symptoms are absent. May be present a small selection. Usually occurs in the chronic form.
Tuberculosis. Tuberculosis of the kidneys and genitals can cause urethritis. Symptoms are mild and are accompanied by fatigue, sweating, and a low fever.
- congestio ;
Congestio urethritis. Rarely accompanied by characteristic symptoms of infectious urethritis. There has been a violation of the functions of the genital organs.
Traumatic. The symptoms depend on the type of injury. There is pain and burning sensation at time of urination.
Allergic. The main symptom is the presence of edema, which is accompanied by itching and burning in the region of the penis.
Therapy is prescribed only after passing all the necessary tests and identify the type of urethritis. The drugs are selected in accordance with the individual characteristics and complexity of the transmission of the disease.
During the course of the medication, the patient should give up spicy, salty foods and alcohol. Best of all, if the doctor will prescribe a specific diet.
Important! Even if symptoms disappear, discontinue the treatment, as it can lead to complications, and the disease will take a chronic form.
In the complex therapy for the treatment prescribed:
- The immunomodulators.
Note! In combination with drug therapy can be used folk remedies in the form of decoctions, infusions and lotions that can be very effective.
Treatment of urethritis
For the entire period of treatment should abandon sexual intercourse or use barrier types of contraception. The partner also needs to pass a series of tests to identify urethritis and treatment. In the first place to fight the disease prescribe antibiotic therapy. There are several types of antibiotics at once, in the presence of certain complications.
Attention! Need expert advice for antibiotic treatment. Self-prescribing can lead to wrong course of treatment.
In addition to antibiotic therapy, the patient is usually prescribed antibiotics.
Antihistamines are prescribed primarily in allergic urethritis.After a course of antibiotics should undergo treatment with probiotics to restore the normal microflora and is recommended to use vitamins. To restore the normal functioning of the organism after treatment, may be administered immunomodulators. The most famous is the drug Polyoxidonium, which can be applied at the time antibiotic therapy and after.
As additional treatment can be applied pill of plant origin. Herbal drug is able to exert diuretic and antimicrobial activity to reduce pain and inflammation and improves kidney and strengthens the effects of antibiotics.
Often patients who have a chronic form of the disease, turn to the doctors homeopaths. Homeopaths claim that the treatment of urethritis homeopathic remedies are not less effective than antibiotics. During treatment, doctors warn that the symptoms may return in an aggravated form, and then comes the recovery period. Experts note the presence of numerous positive reviews from patients, after treatment by homeopathy.
Traditional methods of treatment of urethritis
The use of traditional methods in the treatment of the disease can be used as additional funds for a more rapid recovery.
Widely used the infusion of the roots of couch grass, has good anti-inflammatory action.
- For its preparation take 4 teaspoons of rhizome and pour a glass of cold water and leave soaking overnight.
- In the morning dump the water and roots brewed Cup of boiling water. Tool drink during the day, divided into four doses.
Parsley is also effective for relieving symptoms and treatment. For the preparation of herbal remedies, take a spoon of raw and steamed 0.5 liters of hot water. After a few hours, decant the infusion and drink 3 tbsp. l. 5-6 times a day.
Good results in treatment has an infusion of oak bark, which is used as a lotion.
- In a Cup of boiling water brew a tablespoon of the bark and infuse for several hours.
- The resulting infusion used topically.
- The procedure cannot be repeated more than three consecutive days. This period is also recommended to refrain from sexual contact.
For the relief of symptoms can also help decoctions of the leaves of currant and fruit drinks made from its berries. To prepare the broth in a Cup of boiling water brew 1 tbsp of raw materials and insist within hours. Decoction drink during the day. Recommend the use of cranberry and its juice to relieve the inflammatory process. Well help in the treatment of urethritis herbal teas, which apply to both infectious and non-infectious urethritis.
- To prepare the broth take the herb St. John's wort, chamomile, elderberry, black and blue cornflower a spoon of each component. The dry mixture brewed Cup of boiling water and leave to infuse for one hour. All the infusion is recommended to drink before bedtime.
- Lime blossom can also be used in the treatment of urethritis as a diuretic and anti-inflammatory drugs. A decoction of lime flowers can relieve the symptoms of cramps. Linden flowers (2 tablespoons) pour boiling water (500ml.) and insist half an hour. The whole infusion is used before sleep.
Widely used for the treatment of urethritis leaves cranberries. They have diuretic, antimicrobial and anti-inflammatory action.
- To prepare the broth use 2 art. L. dry leaves, pour a glass of boiling water.
- Infusion, leave for 20 minutes and then filtered.
- It is recommended to use 2 tablespoons before each meal.
The course of treatment herbs can 25-30 days, then need a break to 2 weeks. Since most urethritis is sexually transmitted, the man must be careful to be promiscuous.
- You should use a barrier contraception that can protect against infection.
- You also need to perform regular hygiene procedures to avoid infection inside the genitals.
- In the case of infection, there should be medical therapy concurrently with regular partner to avoid relapse (with infectious urethritis).
- To avoid non-infectious urethritis, it is recommended to avoid hypothermia and severe physical exertion. Recommended time to empty your bladder when you urinate.
Urethritis, treatment of which should appoint only a doctor can occur in both sexes. However, in women, the inflammation is accompanied by less discomfort. This is primarily due to the fact that the length of the male urethra is about 6 times more than women.
As there is urethritis in men? The cause of pathology, as a rule, mechanical trauma, or infection. Injury can occur when carrying out medical procedures or in the presence of urolithiasis. Infection can occur during sexual contact if the partner is sick of STDs. Due to the lack of hygiene may also cause urethritis in men (treatment: antibiotics and other medicines in pathology should be appointed a specialist). In this case, examination by doctor. Also, pathology can develop as a result of hypothermia. In this case there is a decrease in immunity. Because of this, pathogens are beginning to work actively and often freely penetrate into the human body. If the treatment of urethritis in men is not carried out in time, likely complications such as inflammation of the prostate, testicles, and even infertility.
Urethritis in males of this species refers to no specific type. Inflammation is the result of a variety of microorganisms. In General, pathogens are Escherichia coli, Streptococcus, chlamydia. When inflammation of the urethra may appear purulent discharge.
Another name pathology – candidal urethritis. In men it is relatively rare. Pathology occurs in patients with diabetes. Also mycotic form can develop due to prolonged antibiotic treatment. Pathology is accompanied by a white or watery discharge and mild symptoms. As complications may be prostatitis.
The pathology of this type is triggered by pathogens that is different from the specific (chlamydia, herpes, and other), or multiple organisms at once. This area today is not sufficiently studied. Specialists are in search of the probable causes of this disease. As expected, it could be prostatitis or an allergic reaction.
This pathology is caused by the penetration into the organism gram-negative diplococci. These pathogens are not only striking in the urethra, but also infect the mucous membranes of the genitourinary system. In gonorrheal urethritis marked redness of the outlet, the seal on the head, purulent discharge, burning, sharp pain.
This form is characterized by asymptomatic or accompanied by purulent discharge, swelling of the outlet, redness. Latent period of pathology is dangerous. It can become a provoking factor for subsequent infection of sexual partners. Men who have frequent unprotected sex with different partners, should regularly visit a specialist.
Vigilant attitude to the manifestation of the pathology to prevent long-term treatment of urethritis in men. The main signs of the disease include:
- Burning, sharp pain in the process of emission of urine, itching.
- Selection, which have typically an unpleasant odor.
- Hyperthermia (sometimes).
The incubation period after which there are signs of pathology depends on the form of the disease and may range from several hours (when allergic) to several years (under the TB). If you suspect the disease you must immediately go to the doctor. The specialist will determine the type of pathology and prescribe therapeutic measures.
At the time of examination are appointed:
- A blood test.
- Research on sexually transmitted diseases.
- Urinalysis (reveals the level of white blood cells).
- Ultrasound of the pelvic organs.
- Analysis to determine the sensitivity of pathogens to antibiotics.
If you do not spend a timely treatment of urethritis in men, the disease may take a chronic character. This, in turn, fraught with serious complications. One of the most serious consequences is considered to be prostatitis. This pathology is characterized by inflammation of the prostate gland. Also in chronic urethritis the urethra is narrowed, inflamed testicles and seminal vesicles.
How is the treatment of urethritis in men? Agents that are assigned a specialist aimed at the destruction of the pathogen of disease, elimination of symptoms of the disease. In the treatment includes medicines groups such as antioxidants, antiseptics, tools, immunotherapy, immunomodulators, antibiotics. Medicines are appointed both locally and by mouth. The dosage and dosage regimen is prescribed by a doctor. To eliminate and prevent side effects recommend antihistamines. During treatment should observe proper nutrition, give up bad habits, eliminate alcohol.