Prostatitis is the most common pathology of the genitourinary system in men of reproductive age. When prostatitis occurs, the prostate becomes inflamed and swollen.
The disease is treated conservatively. The patient is given medications that help improve diuresis, relieve inflammation of the glandular organ and suppress the pathogenic microflora of the prostate.
Treatment is complemented by diet, exercise therapy and a variety of other activities. The patient can receive physiotherapy procedures, including prostate massage.
Reasons for prostatitis
Prostatitis is a disease accompanied by inflammation of the glandular organ. The disease usually progresses due to the entry of pathogenic microflora into the prostate. In addition, inflammation can be caused not only by bacteria, but also by fungal microorganisms.
Prostatitis is often a consequence of sexually transmitted diseases, including candidiasis, trichomoniasis, syphilis, human papillomavirus, chlamydia and others.
Other factors can also cause inflammation in the prostate, namely:
- Lack of physical activity.
- Prolonged sexual withdrawal or, conversely, excessive sexual activity.
- Unbalanced diet, obesity.
- The presence of chronic diseases of the genitourinary system.
- Perineal trauma.
- Hormonal disorders, including insufficient synthesis of testosterone (male sex hormone).
- Harmful working conditions.
- Overheating in the pelvic region.
- Smoking, drug and alcohol addiction.
Important!Congenital abnormalities of the urethra can also cause inflammation of the prostate.
Symptoms and diagnosis of prostatitis
Considering the causes of prostatitis in men and its treatment with drugs, the symptoms of the disease cannot be ignored. As you know, prostatitis can have a different etiology.
Doctors distinguish stagnant, fungal, abacterial, bacterial, autoimmune, asymptomatic and allergic prostatitis. The most common forms are stagnant and bacterial.
Typical symptoms of inflammation of the prostate are:
- Increased urge to urinate. The frequency increases at night.
- Intermittent and painful urination. If prostatitis was caused by pathogenic microorganisms, the urine becomes cloudy and purulent / cheese / mucous impurities appear in it.
- Power violation. In severe cases, erectile dysfunction develops.
- Premature ejaculation. It turns out that in prostatitis, on the contrary, the man is unable to finish for a long time.
- Pain in the perineum and pubis. The pain syndrome increases during intercourse and urination.
- Burning and itching in the urethra.
With the development of an acute bacterial form of prostatitis, the man develops symptoms of intoxication. Body temperature rises, generalized weakness, insomnia and irritability arise.
If you have the characteristic symptoms of prostatitis, you should see a urologist. The diagnosis involves passing a series of instrumental tests and examinations.
The patient should be prescribed an ultrasound of the prostate, LHC culture of the prostate, digital rectal examination of the prostate, general and biochemical blood tests, urinalysis, blood tests for PSA, PCR, spermogram.
Important!After the diagnosis, the doctor makes the diagnosis and prescribes the appropriate medications.
What drugs are used for prostatitis?
In the treatment of prostatitis, antibiotics are the basis of therapy. Broad-spectrum antibiotics are used. The patient can receive cephalosporins, fluoroquinolones, macrolides, penicillins.
Antibiotics suppress infection, due to which it is possible to stop the inflammatory process in the prostate.
In addition to antibiotics, they are prescribed:
- Alpha blockers.The drugs are used to treat prostatitis and to treat prostate adenoma. The medications help to improve urine production and relieve unpleasant symptoms during urination. Medicines must be taken for a long time.
- Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs.They are used during an exacerbation of prostatitis. Medicines help to relieve pain. NSAIDs are used in the form of tablets, injectable solutions and suppositories.
- Hormonal drugs.They are prescribed if NSAIDs have not helped to relieve pain.
- Bioregulating peptides.These drugs contain bovine prostate extract. Modern peptides help to stop the inflammatory process and improve tissue trophism. In addition, the funds contribute to the normalization of potency and blood circulation in the small pelvis.
Pharmaceutical dietary supplements, homeopathic and naturopathic remedies can be used for auxiliary purposes. Medicines can even be taken to prevent prostatitis.
If you want to normalize potency, you can use PDE-5 inhibitors, homeopathic remedies or dietary supplements.
It is important to note that 5-alpha reductase inhibitors are not used for prostatitis. These drugs are prescribed for benign prostatic hyperplasia.
Important!If the diagnosis shows that there are stones in the prostate, then the patient should be operated on.
It is not enough to use drugs for prostatitis. In order to transfer the disease to the stable remission stage, a complex and well-structured therapy will be necessary.
In a congestive form of the disease, massage the prostate with your fingers is mandatory. The procedure must be performed by a urologist. If you don't want to go to the doctor constantly, you can buy a prostate stimulator.
This device will help to perform the massage at any convenient time of the day. The instructions for stimulants say that they must be injected into the anus. A cleaning enema is preliminarily placed, a condom is placed on the device and the anorectal area is sanitized. Modern massagers have a vibrating head that helps to increase the effectiveness of the physiotherapy procedure.
It is also recommended for the patient:
- Limit the amount of fatty, sweet and starchy foods in your diet. The ideal is to follow a low carbohydrate diet.
- Do exercise therapy, lead an active lifestyle. It is perfectly possible to play sports. The most useful sports are swimming, Nordic walking, running, yoga.
- Have a sex life. It is imperative to use barrier contraceptives (condoms). Regular sex improves blood circulation in the pelvis and the flow of secretions from the prostate.
- Observe the daily routine, sleep 6 to 8 hours a day.
- Give up addictions. Scientific reviews have shown that men who smoke, use drugs and alcohol are significantly more likely to develop prostatitis. That's why doctors recommend giving up these bad habits once and for all.
- Alternative methods can be used to treat prostatitis. They are not a panacea and can only act as a supplement. Very good folk remedies are hazelnut infusion, absinthe decoction, propolis candles, parsley decoction.
Based on the above, we can conclude that prostatitis is not a phrase. The disease is quite treatable. With timely access to doctors, you can get rid of the disease quickly and almost painlessly.
Do not let the disease run its course, because prostatitis is an extremely dangerous pathology. Late treatment is fraught with BPH, prostate cancer, infertility, impotence, premature ejaculation.