Prostatitis is an inflammatory disease of the male prostate. It is located at the back of the bladder, while folding around the neck. With inflammation of the prostate, it compresses that part of the bladder, which greatly complicates urination and makes it painful. What kind of disease prostatitis is is very clear. Even so, every self-respecting man should know everything about prostatitis: what prostatitis is, symptoms of prostatitis, treatment and causes of the disease.
Reasons for prostatitis
The most common causes of prostatitis in men and their consequences are:
- Trophism violation. Circulatory disorders and innervation are a major cause of prostatitis. These violations can lead to:
- overweight problems;
- maintain a sedentary lifestyle;
- wearing uncomfortable clothes.
- Causes of infectious genesis. Often, the disease can occur due to a decrease in the level of microflora in the body, a decrease in the level of immunity or the presence of foci of inflammation in neighboring organs.
- Disturbance of the synthesis of sex hormones. One of the main reasons for the formation of prostatitis and its consequences is the hypersecretion of male sex hormones. These include: testosterone, androsterone, androstenedione, androstenediol and dihydrotestosterone. They can cause inflammation in the prostate.
- Presence of foreign bacterial organisms. They may come from the intestines or other abdominal organs. Under certain conditions, they can cause inflammatory changes in the prostate.
- Various pelvic injuries. Due to blood loss or compression of the pelvic vessels during trauma, hypoxia of the prostate may occur, which will undoubtedly lead to prostatitis.
- Surgical interventions in the small pelvis. The complications of some operations can lead to inflammation of the prostate.
- Rectal congestion. The presence of chronic constipation is a direct route to prostatitis.
There are many factors that significantly increase the risk of the disease.
- Having bad habits. Smoking more than 5 cigarettes a day increases the risk of prostate disease by 40%.
- Working with chemicals. Men who work in this area fall ill 2 times more than others.
- Age. After 35 years of age, each man's prostate enlarges. This is normal, but it can increase even more, which in most cases leads to the disease.
- Violations of the regime and quality of food. Fatty foods increase the risk of disease by 30% and fried foods by 35%.
- Taking medication. Treatment with immunosuppressants reduces immunity and increases the risk of disease.
- Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs). These diseases include: HIV, gonorrhea, gonorrhea, chlamydia, herpes, candidiasis.
It is worth knowing and avoiding the factors that increase the risk of disease: eat well, have a healthy lifestyle and minimize exposure to chemicals. This will help you to reduce the likelihood of illness at times!
Types of prostatitis
Currently, doctors distinguish 4 forms of the disease:
- acute form;
- chronic bacterial form;
- chronic form; chronic asymptomatic
The sharp form is very common. Basically, it occurs due to a bacterial infection in the body. In this form, the gland is very dilated, painful. In patients, cachexia, attacks of fever, low fever can be observed.
The chronic bacterial form is the result of the acute form of the disease. If you don't deal with the treatment of acute bacterial prostatitis, over time it will go into other forms with milder symptoms.
The asymptomatic form is characterized by an asymptomatic course of the disease and can only be detected during a routine examination.
In the history of the development of inflammation of the prostate, two main mechanisms can be distinguished:
- urinogenic (in the presence of inflammatory processes in other organs of the male genitourinary system):
- decreasing; ascending
- (associated with the presence of foci of infection in the body).
Symptoms of prostatitis: first signs
How does prostatitis manifest in men? It is worth remembering that the disease initially presents the same symptoms as most diseases of the genitourinary system. Therefore, if you find any, you should see a doctor immediately.
The first signs of prostatitis in men:
- Dysuria. It can be expressed as urinary retention at night or in the morning. It is the first symptom of prostatitis.
- Feeling of incomplete urination. The presence of some weight in the lower abdomen after urination is a sign of incomplete emptying of the bladder.
- Disorders of potency and pathological ejaculation. Sexual problems and changes in semen structure serve as a sign of disorders in the prostate.
- Detection of pathological structures in urine. Cases of blood, protein, urine cylinders - all of these can be a symptom of prostatitis.
The disease can progress and the primary symptoms can complement the secondary ones. They are:
- Inflammation of the genitourinary system.
- Changes in the structure of urine.
- Pain in the lower abdomen, which can radiate to the right and left sides.
Unfortunately, not everyone perceives the manifestation of prostatitis in men in the early stages. Therefore, it is important to know the signs of prostatitis, symptoms and in the most advanced stages of the disease, so as not to be left with nothing.
With the enlarged prostate and the presence of pathological processes in it, the following prostatitis syndromes can be added to the main symptoms:
- hemorrhoidal inflammation of the rectal veins;
- pain during bowel movements, presence of blood impurities;
- chronic venous insufficiency of the lower extremities, their paralysis;
- low back pain.
Knowing the symptoms of prostatitis, treatment can be started immediately.
If these symptoms are observed, the disease becomes chronic in almost 100% of cases. To maintain the health of your prostate, it is important to know what the symptoms of your inflammation are and, if any, consult a doctor immediately.
Diagnosis of diseases
Several types of tests can be used to diagnose inflammation of the prostate:
- Palpation method. The doctor palpates the prostate with his finger through the anal ring and palpates. This is the most common method for diagnosing a disease.
- CT and MRI of Organs pelvic organs.
- Analysis of urine and blood.
- Semen analysis.
- Extract and analyze the prostate secret.
The main tests in the diagnosis of prostatitis include:
- three-glass urine sample;
- general urine and blood tests;
- microbiological analyzes.
Do not neglect planned visits to the doctor, as it is very difficult for an ordinary person to know everything about prostatitis, as this will help to quickly detect prostatitis and start your treatment early.
Treatment of prostatitis
Prostate inflammation should be treated on an outpatient basis in most cases. When carrying out the complex treatment of the disease, several important principles remain:
- carrying out therapies to combat the bacterial cause of the disease;
- improving the quality of blood circulation in the prostate:
- several massages;
- healing exercises.
It is necessary to adhere exactly to the entire course of several general principles of treatment of prostatitis:
- Regular medication according to schedule.
- Maintain a normal sex life for a man.
- Medical exercises that aim to normalize blood circulation in the prostate.
- Refrain from smoking tobacco.
- Rational diet:
- refusal of fatty, spicy and fried foods;
- refrain from drinking alcohol, coffee, strong teas, soft drinks;
- eat foods that are richer in vitamins and minerals, as well as essential amino acids.
The main treatments for prostatitis:
- the indication of anti-inflammatory drugs, as well as drugs that aim to reduce pain in the prostate for the treatment of prostatitis;
- removal of the presence of stagnation phenomena in the gland;
- strengthening immunity with immunostimulating drugs, as it is significantly reduced during the disease;
- selection of strictly individual drugs.
But it should also be borne in mind that the treatment of acute and chronic forms has a different approach. For example, if the patient has an acute form of the disease, you need to adhere to the treatment tactics described below.
- resting in bed; antibiotic therapy;
- prostate massage is not done in any case, as the risk of sepsis is very high;
- intravenous administration of drugs to improve the blood supply to the prostate;
- oral use of anti-inflammatories;
- the use of rheological solutions in connection with attacks of severe intoxication of the male body for the treatment of prostatitis.
In the treatment of chronic diseases, the methods are slightly different. For example:
- using anti-inflammatories for the treatment of prostatitis;
- elimination of problems with sexual activity when taking medications with a sedative effect;
- prescribing medications that can increase immunity;
- Strengthening the pelvic system of muscles to eliminate problems with poor circulation.
It is necessary to adhere to all this during the treatment, after the treatment also do not forget or give up some things.
It is important to remember about prostatitis that the sooner the patient starts treatment, the more favorable the prognosis will be in the future. And you always need to remain optimistic.
Prevention of prostatitis
There are sufficient methods of preventing prostatitis and they do not require special expenses:
- Give up bad habits. As practice shows, smoking increases the risk of prostatitis by up to 50% and alcohol by 15%. If you want to maintain your man's health as it should be, you must give up that "pleasure".
- Get in contact with chemicals as little as possible. If you work in a factory, try to shorten the time spent directly at the source of the chemicals.
- Adherence to a healthy diet. It is worth remembering that regular consumption of fried and fatty foods is very harmful to health. Therefore, you need to eat vegetables and fruits as often as possible, preferably seasonal.
- Active lifestyle. You need to try to play sports more often, do morning exercises, spend your free time outdoors. This will have a very positive effect not only on the prostate, but also on man's health in general.
- Regular medical examinations. Prostatitis develops relatively slowly, so it can be detected without problems during the next visit to the doctor.
- Healthy sleep. You need to sleep for about 8 to 10 hours. Violation of this regime will increase the risk of illness.
Prostatitis can go unnoticed and gradually start to deprive you of many of the joys of life. If you don't want this to happen, you need to monitor your health carefully. After all, only you can protect yourself and give your prostate a healthy future.