Prostatitis is an inflammatory disease of the male prostate, with dangerous consequences for male reproductive health. Prostatitis can be cured with cheap and effective drugs that eliminate painful sensations and swelling, increase local immunity and accelerate the renewal and regeneration of prostate tissues.
Characteristics of drug therapy for prostatitis
Prostatitis is an inflammatory lesion of the prostate, which can occur in an acute or chronic stage and have several causes. Medicines for the treatment of the disease are selected individually, depending on their form and stage, as well as the age and general health of the man.
Medicines for the treatment of chronic prostatitis in men:
- antibacterial drugs;
- alpha blockers;
- rectal suppositories;
- glucocorticosteroids (steroid hormones);
- muscle relaxants;
- vitamin complexes.
Prostatitis can be bacterial or non-bacterial. In the first case, pathogenic microorganisms (staphylococci, streptococci) become the cause of the disease, in the second - congestion in the pelvic region.
In choosing the most effective treatment method, one must take into account the cause of the disease's development, which is established from the results of laboratory tests.
Effective drugs for the treatment of prostatitis
Medical therapy at home aims to eliminate the root causes of the disease, inhibit the development of the inflammatory process and also eliminate pain and discomfort.
The most effective medication should be selected only by a doctor based on the type of agent causing the disease, its severity, as well as the age and health status of the man.
Antibiotic therapy for prostatitis
Antibiotics are mandatory pharmacological agents in the treatment of acute or bacterial prostatitis in adult patients. Antibacterial drugs destroy pathogenic microorganisms that cause the development of an acute or chronic inflammatory process.
List of fast-acting antibiotics for prostatitis:
- tetracyclines; penicillins;
Fluoroquinolones are broad-spectrum antibiotics, so they are prescribed for different forms and severities of inflammation. In the case of an advanced form of chronic prostatitis, macrolides or tetracyclines will be more effective.
The duration of antibiotic therapy for inflammation of the prostate is at least 4 weeks.
For the treatment of prostatitis, antibacterials are used in various pharmacological forms. They can be tablets for oral use, rectal suppositories, intravenous or intramuscular injections.
Use of anti-inflammatories
Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs are prescribed if the development of prostatitis is not associated with bacterial pathogens or if antibiotic therapy does not bring the expected results.
Anti-inflammatories quickly relieve the symptoms of the inflammatory process and reduce muscle tone. These pharmacological agents inhibit the further development of inflammation, eliminate swelling and have a pronounced analgesic effect.
With prolonged use, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs negatively affect the mucous membrane of the gastrointestinal tract, therefore, these drugs are taken in short courses (up to 5-7 days) with a mandatory weekly interval.
Pharmaceutical products not only eliminate spasms in the pelvic region, but also restore normal body temperature, reduce the likelihood of thrombosis and normalize the full function of the prostate.
Treatment with alpha blockers
Alpha-blockers are drugs whose therapeutic effect aims to normalize urination, as well as restore men's erectile function. During the period of exacerbation of prostatitis, disturbances of urinary function frequently appear. It is in these cases that a course of alpha-blockers is prescribed.
The pharmacological action of alpha blockers is directed at the receptors of the sympathetic nervous system, which regulate the smooth muscle tone of the bladder. The drugs in this group suppress the activity of neurons that cause uncontrolled contraction of the pelvic muscles. This helps to relax the muscles of the urethra and normalizes urination.
Alpha blockers are administered for a long time - up to 6-8 months.
When using these drugs, the flow of urine normalizes, painful sensations when urinating disappear, the manifestations of inflammation decrease and their development is interrupted.
Administration of rectal suppositories
Rectal suppositories are usually part of the complex treatment of prostatitis and the prevention of exacerbation of the disease. These drugs have many advantages over pills and capsules - due to rectal administration, suppositories act directly on the focus of inflammation, providing a quick effect.
Rectal suppositories minimize the negative effects of the drug's composition on the kidneys, liver and digestive system organs. Suppositories contain effective, safe and natural ingredients - collection of herbs, propolis, which are combined with antibacterial and anti-inflammatory substances.
Rectal suppositories for pumpkin seeds are also used. Anti-inflammatory drugs with analgesic effects are considered effective.
Suppositories containing enzymes are often used to treat prostatitis. They accelerate the renewal and repair of prostate tissue at the cellular level.
Rectal suppositories effectively stimulate blood circulation in the small pelvis, suppress the inflammatory process, eliminate swelling and pain and also normalize the flow of urine.
The benefits of hormonal drugs
Hormonal drugs for the treatment of prostatitis are used exclusively in the most severe advanced cases. Glucocorticosteroids should only be prescribed by a urologist; self-medication, in this case, is unacceptable.
The action of hormonal agents aims to eliminate the causes of the development of the inflammatory process and prevent its further development, restoring the normal state of the prostate and complete erectile function.
Glucocorticosteroids are more effective in worsening prostatitis. They quickly eliminate pain spasms, normalize urinary flow and reduce swelling. Antiandrogenic drugs can be prescribed for older men to reduce androgenic activity and prevent the proliferation of prostate tissue.
During treatment, it should be kept in mind that glucocorticosteroids reduce the body's immune defenses, so hormonal medications are prohibited for men with HIV.
Hormonal drugs are used when antibiotics and anti-inflammatories are ineffective.
The use of sedatives
Many men suffer from very strong prostatitis, accompanied by erectile dysfunction, deterioration in sexual performance and decreased quality of intimate life. As a consequence, the disease negatively affects the functioning of the nervous system, it becomes a cause of stress, anxiety and depression, nervousness and aggression.
The most commonly used herbal and natural sedatives, which eliminate constant nervous tension in the context of acute prostate pain, urinary disorders and deterioration of the general quality of life.
For the long-term treatment of a chronic illness accompanied by severe mental disorders, more potent antidepressants are used. These pharmacological agents are used only as directed by a doctor.
Medicines for pain relief
If prostatitis is accompanied by severe spasms in the prostate area, pain relievers are prescribed. Not only do they stop spasms, they also stimulate blood circulation in Organs pelvic organs, normalize the flow of urine and reduce the tonus of the smooth muscles in the perineum. In such cases, muscle relaxants can be used.
In many cases, pain relievers are used in the form of rectal suppositories - for example, a medicine that contains natural belladonna extract.
When treating with anesthetics, it should be kept in mind that they have an exclusively symptomatic effect - they stop the spasms of pain in the lower abdomen, but they have no effect on the cause of the disease. Therefore, analgesics are used only in complex treatments, simultaneously with antibiotics or non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs.
Taking immunomodulators and vitamins
The reduction of immunity contributes to the rapid progression of the inflammatory process, makes the body vulnerable to various viruses, infections and pathogens. Therefore, as a supplement to the drug treatment of prostatitis, a course of immunomodulators and multivitamin complexes is necessarily prescribed.
Taking immunomodulators and vitamin complexes in the early stages of the disease helps prevent the development of dangerous complications such as urethritis. An effective addition to the drug treatment of prostate inflammation are several dietary supplements based on natural medicinal herbs, as well as treatment with folk remedies.
The most useful are the complexes, which include propolis and other bee products, pumpkin seeds, duck peony, beaver stream, nettle, crawling fennel, as well as burdock and sabal palm fruits.
Effectiveness of prostatitis treatment
The effectiveness of drug treatment for prostatitis depends not only on the correct pharmacological drugs, but also on the man's lifestyle. A healthy and balanced diet, avoiding alcohol, having sex and exercising regularly will help speed recovery, will be an effective way to prevent prostate disease and help maintain men's health.