Prostatitis is a formidable disease of the male genital area, which generally affects young men under the age of forty. Although their symptoms - decreased libido, difficulty urinating, pain in the groin area - can be very painful, men are in no hurry to seek medical help.
And the reason for this is the insufficient amount of information about this disease, there are many myths and prejudices about it.
However, the manifestations of prostatitis only worsen with time, therefore, at the first signs of prostatitis, it is urgent to contact a qualified urologist.
Reasons for prostatitis
Prostatitis is an inflammation of the prostate. Doctors classify the acute and chronic stages of the disease. If the former is not treated, the inflammation quickly turns into a chronic form and is fraught with many complications, such as sexual dysfunction and even the development of a malignant prostate tumor.
What are the reasons for its occurrence?
Here are just a few of them:
- Sexually transmitted diseases. Often, the man has this or that infection, even without knowing it, since the disease is absolutely asymptomatic. However, this image is very misleading. As soon as the immune system fails, for example, under the influence of a stressful situation, it gives a boost to the development of prostatitis. The most common causative agents of the disease are the herpes virus, Candida fungus, Escherichia coli, etc.
- Untreated bladder infections. In this case, the infection spreads easily to the nearby prostate.
- Stagnation of blood in the pelvic region. A sedentary lifestyle, irregular sex life can lead to this. In this case, the so-called non-bacterial prostatitis occurs.
- Regular hypothermia, stress, the presence of infectious foci, including decayed teeth, in the body.
- Prostatitis can develop as a complication after serious infectious diseases - flu, tonsillitis and others.
The main symptoms of prostatitis
The most common signs of this disease, whatever the cause, are:
- decreased power;
- pain and difficulty urinating;
- pains of varying severity in the groin and genitals.
Symptoms of acute bacterial prostatitis
As mentioned above, the first stage of bacterial prostatitis is acute, lasts no more than 3-5 days, after which it slowly becomes chronic.
It is very important not to miss the first symptoms of the disease:
- Pain in the groin and scrotum;
- Acute pain when urinating;
- Extracting pain after intercourse on the glans;
- Deterioration of erection, shortening of the duration of sexual intercourse.
A few days after the first symptoms appear, the pain subsides and men have the misleading impression that the threat has passed. However, this only suggests that prostatitis is slowly but surely turning into a chronic form.
This disease course is characterized by:
- Alternating periods of remission and exacerbation of prostatitis;
- Difficulty urinating, frequent fissure, feeling of incomplete emptying of the bladder add to the symptoms of the above disease.
In the period of exacerbation of chronic bacterial prostatitis, patients have the same symptoms in the acute form.
Even seemingly harmless factors can trigger it:
- An erection that has not been achieved;
- Stress and overwork;
- Sedentary lifestyle;
- Irregular sex life;
- Smoking and alcohol abuse.
Symptoms of non-bacterial prostatitis
This disease is also commonly called stagnant prostatitis. This is the most dangerous and common type of pathology. Its development is directly related to the lifestyle of the modern person.
Medical researchers compare chronic congestive prostatitis in terms of harmfulness and prevalence with dangerous diseases like tuberculosis or cancer, because its advanced form is a direct route to cancer damage to the prostate.
This form of the disease can be discussed when the inflammation of the prostate was not caused by any microorganism, but by other factors - prolonged absence of sexual intercourse, sedentary lifestyle, regular stressful situations.
This conclusion can be drawn from the results of bacteriological research, which shows the absence of pathogenic microorganisms.
The symptoms of this form of the disease are slightly different from bacterial:
- Patients complain of periodic or constant dull pain in the pelvic area, lower abdomen, groin and genitals;
- Sexual dysfunction and problems with urination;
- Depressed mental state of patients
Symptoms of asymptomatic chronic prostatitis
This is a latent form of the disease. As the name implies, it is asymptomatic, that is, there is an inflammatory process in the prostate, but this does not affect the patient's condition in any way.
Some medical researchers tend to consider this form of pathology only as normal age-related changes in the prostate gland, which occur due to insufficient blood supply to the organ.
This disease is often discovered in a patient by accident, for example, during an abdominal operation associated with a completely different diagnosis.
To avoid prostatitis, you need to know its causes.
Therefore, the main measures for the prevention of inflammation of the prostate:
- Although the primary measure of prostatitis prevention, as has been mentioned many times, is regular sex life, you should still avoid casual sex or use barrier contraceptives. This measure is mandatory, since about 30% of cases of inflammation of the prostate are associated with sexually transmitted diseases. An alternative to sex - masturbation, is also welcome by urologists, as nothing less than a complete sexual relationship helps to improve the blood supply to the prostate.
- Physical activity, active lifestyle. Physical education and sports are useful as a general strengthening measure, but it is worth focusing on exercises that improve blood circulation in the pelvic area. This includes running, ice skating, skiing, etc.
- Regular preventive examinations by a urologist or andrologist, at least once a year.
- Timely treatment of outbreaks of infection in the body, for example, cleaning of the oral cavity.
Diagnosis of prostatitis - complex and multifaceted
The diagnosis of prostatitis is mainly associated with identifying the cause of the disease and includes the following stages:
- Of great importance to clarify the disease condition is the questioning of the patient, who must describe in detail his complaints - the location of certain sensations, their duration, which events are associated with the manifestations, after which they started. In addition, at the reception, the doctor carefully examines the patient's medical record for diseases, exams and previous exams. The urologist clarifies the patient's information about sexuality, the presence of sexually transmitted diseases.
- Examination of smear and scraping of the urethra. An increase in the number of leukocytes in the smear and the presence of pathological microflora in the scraping will indicate the presence of infection.
- General analysis of urine. It helps to identify the presence of infection, its presence is indicated by the increase in the number of leukocytes (more than 5).
- Ejaculation analysis. It is performed to confirm the diagnosis of non-bacterial prostatitis.
- Ultrasound of the prostate. It allows you to see the picture of the disease to the fullest. It is performed to clarify the diagnosis of acute and chronic inflammation of the prostate, suspected of cancer.
Pain and decreased potency - as the first signs of prostatitis
Most of the times, doctors have to deal with an already advanced form of the disease, as most men tend to ignore the first alarms - pain in the groin and decreased libido, or the disease itself is asymptomatic up to a point.
These are the characteristics of the male anatomy - in the prostate area, blood circulation is difficult, it is a "breeding ground" for the reproduction of pathogenic microorganisms, a sedentary lifestyle significantly aggravates this problem. Therefore, the reason for the massive spread of prostatitis among truck drivers and office workers becomes obvious.
In one way or another, up to 50% of the entire male population in the world has already experienced some type of symptom of prostatitis. Therefore, it is very important to know the first signs of the disease and seek medical help in a timely manner. After all, treating an advanced form of the disease is an expensive and long-term undertaking.
Treatment that returns the patient to a full life
Of course, it is much easier to eliminate prostatitis early than an advanced disease. However, it is the chronic form that doctors most often have to deal with, and it usually requires a long and complex treatment.
But in any case, first you need to identify the root cause of the pathology - blood stasis and (or) an inflammatory process in the prostate.
Therefore, complex treatment of prostatitis includes:
- Inflammatory processes are treated with broad-spectrum antibiotics. In addition, medications are prescribed in the form of pills and rectal suppositories. In the complex, infusions of medicinal herbs (chamomile, marigold), which are introduced in the form of microclysters, help a lot.
- However, the treatment of prostatitis should not be limited to medication, it should aim to restore blood circulation in the prostate region, and this implies a complex of physiotherapy and therapeutic exercises. Such measures contribute to a better absorption of antibiotics, since they improve the blood supply to the prostate. Doctors are often prescribed for prostatitis: electrophoresis, laser therapy, magnetotherapy;
- Prostate massage. This procedure is useful and effective, but it should not be performed at home, without consulting the doctor, as it has many contraindications, including in the acute phase of the disease.
In summary, we can say that the issue of treatment and prevention of prostatitis depends largely on the desire and activity of the men themselves. Elementary morning exercises, regular preventive exams by a urologist, balanced nutrition - this is the key to male strength and longevity!